1984 (Signet Classic)

1984 - George Orwell, Erich Fromm I've read George Orwell - 1984. This was an odd book... It had far more information than the movie and it let us readers understand more of the world he live on... I Like the novel and would advice anyone to read it... Some of the ideas that the Inner Party had were pretty good but others were pretty useless. I can see several of the ideias implemented on our world to function properly but others are almost impossible. The lack of vocabulary is a thing that would never be implemented. The writing of the history is nowadays done so it can be implemented and it works.

The world itself it's in a never ending war involving three superstates. Two allied powers fighiting against the third. The book of Goldstein (the arch enemy of the state) states that each superstate is so strong it cannot be defeated even when faced with the combined forces of the other two powers. The allied states occasionally split with each other and new alliances are formed. Each time this happens, history is rewritten to convince the people that the new alliances were always there, using the principles of doublethink. The war itself never takes place in the territories of the three powers.

There is one part that is very entertaining and shows how powerful is the state against the masses... Midway through the book, the alliance breaks apart and Oceania, newly allied with Eurasia, begins a campaign against Eastasian forces. This happens during "Hate Week" (a week of extreme focus on the evilness of Oceania's enemies, the purpose of which is to stir up patriotic fervour in support of the Party), Oceania and Eastasia are enemies once again. The public is quite abnormally blind to the change, and when a public orator, mid-sentence, changes the name of the enemy from Eurasia to Eastasia (still speaking as if nothing had changed), the people are shocked and soon enraged as they notice all the flags and banners are wrong (they blame Goldstein and the Brotherhood) and tear them down. This is the origin of the idion, "we've always been at war with Eastasia." Orwell's book explains that the war is unwinnable, and that its only purpose is to use up human labour and the fruits of human labour so that each superstate's economy cannot support an equal (and high) standard of living for every citizen.

Goldstein's book hints that, in fact, there may not actually be a war.

Even Eurasia and Eastasia themselves may only be a fabrication by the government of Oceania, with Oceania the sole undisputed dominator of the world. On the other hand, Oceania might as well actually control only a rather small part of the world and still brainwash its citizens into believing that Oceania dominates the whole Earth or - as in the novel - that they are battling/allying with (a fabricated) Eurasia/Eastasia.

Then there is the key word of the book... Doublethink that is explained as followed :

The keyword here is blackwhite. Like so many Newspeak words, this word has two mutually contradictory meanings. Applied to an opponent, it means the habit of impudently claiming that black is white, in contradiction of the plain facts. Applied to a Party member, it means a loyal willingness to say that black is white when Party discipline demands this. But it means also the ability to believe that black is white, and more, to know that black is white, and to forget that one has ever believed the contrary. This demands a continuous alteration of the past, made possible by the system of thought which really embraces all the rest, and which is known in Newspeak as doublethink. Doublethink is basically the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.

I would advice this book to anyone... This book relates much more than the totaliarism state but also the power of our mind and the power to change our mind. The main story of the two characters is psychological intense. It made me shiver and think of life and our feelings... they are all fabricated in our mind.